Among the most popular types of finishing materials for walls, plaster dominates. Ease of operation, as well as a variety of types and coatings, allows it to be used for interior renovation of private houses and premises. Let's take a closer look at the types of decorative plasters, the advantages and possibilities of application.
Types of decorative plasters and their characteristics
There are different types of decorative plasters used for interior decoration. The main feature of this material is increased strength and durability compared to traditional wallpaper or paint.
The plaster is resistant to mechanical and other damage, does not absorb moisture, and therefore less likely to crumble and become covered with cracks.
Such a coating is made with the addition of marble dust or fine-grained sand to achieve the desired visual effects. Initially, plasters were created as an imitation of natural stone - marble, travertine, sandstone and others.
Types of decorative plaster of internal walls differ in composition:
1. Acrylic: coating based on acrylic resins. It has water and moisture protection, low air permeability and fire protection;
2. Mineral: gypsum, cement and lime are found in the composition. It is easy to apply and keeps in rooms with a low level of humidity. It has high air permeability, thereby improving the microclimate of the room;
3. Silicone: Suitable for indoor and outdoor use, it is made up of silicone resins. It has increased vapor permeability, moisture resistance and strength, less likely to wear out over time;
4. Silicate: a universal coating, which includes mixtures and liquid glass. Differs in resistance to moisture and the sun, antistatic effect. It has a difficult application process due to the rapid solidification.
The most popular types of decorative plaster for interior work are rustic (corrugated), imitating a unique texture with tools (a spatula and not only).
Decorative coatings are also divided into several types in appearance:
• Embossed: have a characteristic, embossed, textured look. They are divided into two subspecies - structural and textured. Structural plaster creates patterns with the help of additional impurities in the composition - stones, quartz sand and others. The result is original textures, such as bark beetle or lamb. Textured, fine-grained, plastic, patterns are formed using a unique application technique - with a roller, brushes, film, sponge, etc.;
• Smooth: unlike embossed, the surface of the wall after applying such a coating is smooth, glossy, uniform. A striking representative of this type is Venetian plaster.
What types of decorative plaster are and are more often used in the interior? Let's look at this issue in more detail.
Varieties of decorative plaster in the interior
The types of decorative plaster for interior decoration are diverse and can have not only different shades of color, but also the appearance after application, they require different approaches to work.
The Venetian type of coating is characterized by an appearance that, after application, resembles a polished, natural stone. Basically, Venetian options imitate onyx and marble, suitable for application on pre-prepared surfaces. For example, like our Murano and Veneziano Style finishes.
Decorative wall covering imitating natural stone called travertine. It has a porous surface and pale, warm shades of beige and yellow. Our version of Travertino Style has an original pattern, while Travertino Veneziano plaster is suitable for modern and stylish interiors.
Another popular option that allows you to simulate the effect of natural concrete on the walls and ceiling. Suitable for industrial or loft-style rooms. The Toscana coating, created on the basis of limestone, looks especially good on the walls. No less popular is Castelo, which can be used for outdoor work as well.
A unique structural material that mimics wood types including pine, beech, birch and even bamboo fibres. Differs in high accuracy of transfer, naturalness and small vegetable patterns. Using a special rubber tool, you can achieve a woody effect with any coating from Elf Decor.
A pearly, smooth finish on the walls, iridescent due to the unique particles in the mixture. After application and complete drying, the effect is created, as if the surfaces were covered with natural silk. Consists of hyphae of silk, cotton, mica and other minerals. This category also includes our coatings - Mirage and the line of materials Illusion.
Marble texture has been and remains extremely popular for decorating rooms. Varieties of decorative plaster with marble effect allow you to get the desired effect of natural stone in any interior due to the mineral, lime base, which is easy to apply. You can get the effect of marble with Marmorino Style, Murano or a special version of Stucco Art, using the Italian scagliola system for a more elaborate stone imitation.
Among the textured options, wall decor in the form of imitation velvet fabric stands out. This coating contains pearlescent particles and silicone copolymers. A special application technique allows you to achieve various patterns and softness of the finish surface. This category includes our Mirage plaster, which has a soft, delicate finish.
A popular structural type of wall material is liquid metal effect plaster. It contains a metal filler and original additives that allow you to achieve not just the look of metal on the walls, but an additional effect in the form of its streaks and slight rust. A similar effect can be seen on our Corrosia finish, visually reminiscent of a metal surface with a copper patina. And the Alchimia material will allow you to get the perfect metal wall - a smooth sheet or metal elements applied using a special stencil.
Woodworm like structure
The use of such material is possible not only inside, but also outside the premises. The versatility of the bark beetle makes it in demand for repairs with any budget. The mineral base makes it easy to apply. After drying, a texture is formed on the surface that imitates the activity of a bark beetle.
Lambswool like structure
This type of plaster has a fine-grained surface, which gave it its name, because visually it resembles the rings of sheep's wool. Such a pattern is obtained using marble or quartz crumbs, which are found in the mixture. The relief of the pattern is determined directly by the size of the inclusions themselves: the larger they are, the clearer the pattern will be.
Types of decorative plasters for certain rooms
Decorative wall coverings are almost universal, they can be applied to any surface - concrete, brick, cement, lime, wood and gypsum boards, panels, etc.
Speaking about the premises in which plaster can be used, it is worth noting that there are practically no restrictions. The main thing is to pay attention to wet areas - the kitchen and bathroom. In such places it is worth applying plaster, among the advantages of which is resistance to moisture. A good option is a decorative and protective coating in the form of wax or varnish after application.
For the kitchen area, it is better to choose smooth surfaces - Venetian, silk, marble and other types of coatings that have a minimum amount of pores and crumbs. For the bathroom, textured plaster, which can be easily cleaned and washed, is also a good choice.
But the corridor and hallway area requires a special approach. It is worth choosing a plaster that is resistant to cold and damage, for example, bark beetle, velvet or silk. For the functional area of the balcony, it is recommended to work with textured or vice versa, structural options. Imitation of stone, concrete or even brick will harmoniously fit into this space.
If you need a high-quality decorative wall covering, then take a look at the Elf Decor catalog. We offer high quality options for every taste and budget.